Ubuntu: Convert mac .dfont files into .ttf using Fondu

Ubuntu

I was working on a project where I needed Helvetica fonts on my Ubuntu box. Helvetica fonts are on my mac, but stored in a .dfont file (System/Library/Fonts). First I copied the Helvetica.font to my Ubuntu box (I placed them in my home directory). I then installed Fondu.

sudo apt-get install fondu

Now navigate to where you copied the .dfont file and enter:

fondu Helvetica.dfont

The dfont file will be converted to .ttf files. Depending on the font type, this will create multiple .ttf files.

Copying Fonts to Font Directory

Now you can move the .ttf files into the font directory (/usr/share/fonts/truetype).

This was not as easy as I thought. I opened the file browser and tried to copy/paste the fonts into the fonts directory, but I received a permission denied error because I was not root.

Open terminal (Application->Accessories->Terminal).

gksu nautilus /usr/share/fonts/truetype

Using ‘gksu’ will open the file browser with root privileges. Now open another file browser to the location where you copied your fonts to:

gksu nautilus /home/les/

Now both are opened with root privileges. Now just drag/drop the files into the font directory.

Note: You may have to create a folder with the font name first. If you only have a single font file, then you can just copy it into the Truetype directory (or the appropriate directory – opentype, etc). If you have multiple font files (Helvetica.ttf, HelveticaBold.ttf, etc), then you should first create a folder named helvetica under the TrueType folder and then copy all helvetica files under the helvetica directory.

That’s it.

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Setting up Ubuntu for Web Development

Ubuntu

I’ve developed in the Windows environment for most of my career.  About 4-5 years ago I began to migrate to the Mac. Now my Mac is my primary computer.

I recently worked on a project where the target OS is linux, so I installed Ubuntu 9.04 desktop on an old PC. The following are the steps I took to create a web development box. This post assumes that you have already installed Ubuntu. Click here or here for installation instructions.

After you have installed ubuntu, you may want to select/download a theme for your box. Click Install Instructions to learn how to install gnome themes.

First, I will set up LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) and phpMyAdmin. AMP is my default web development environment, regardless of OS.

Next, I will install Python, Django, PostgreSQL, phppgadmin, and pgAdmin (needed for my new project).  I will also install Aptana Studio and Java (need JRE to run Aptana). I have been using Aptana Studio on my Mac for over a year, and it has become my default development IDE.

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